Second Aorist Active Indicative Verb Test

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Introduction to Ancient Greek Second Aorist Active Indicative Verbs

Ancient Greek second aorist tense, active voice, indicative mood verbs describe (or indicate!) actions that were performed in the past by the subject of the sentence. The action that occurred must have been a discrete event and not an ongoing process.

(The second aorist tense is sometimes also referred to as the strong aorist.)

At first glance, the second aorist appears very similar to the imperfect tense (having the same augment and verb endings). However, second aorist verbs are distinguishable from imperfect verbs in that they have unique aorist verb stems which differ from their present-tense verb stems.

(In this, they are somewhat analogous to irregular verbs in English.)

Second aorist active indicative verbs in Ancient Greek are composed of an aorist verb stem beginning with an ε- augment and ending with the following: -ον, -ες, -ε(ν), -ομεν, -ετε or -ον.

(Note that the ending for First Person Singular (-ον) is the same as Third Person Plural (-ον). While this test will ask for both of these answers, in practice the single actual answer for such cases will only be discernable from the context of the sentence.)

While there are no α-, ε-, and o- contracts for this verb form, the augments will be modified according to the Ancient Greek contraction rules. Click the yellow grammar review table button for further details.

This test does not include diacritical accentation.

For each question, click on the best answer. Some answers may appear incomplete because a direct or indirect object is not provided.

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