Future Middle Indicative Verb Test

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Introduction to Ancient Greek Future Middle Indicative Verbs

Ancient Greek future tense, middle voice, indicative mood verbs describe (or indicate!) actions that will be performed in the future by the subject of the sentence. There is no optionality regarding these future actions; future indicative actions must definitely occur.

The middle voice differs from the active voice in that sometimes the subject of the sentence is also the object (eg: "I will stop myself"). Or, sometimes the middle voice denotes reciprocal action: "The soldier will fight the enemy" (and the enemy will fight back). The middle voice is also used for autonomic actions, such as digesting food or hearing noise. (For a more in-depth discussion, see Carl W. Conrad's page covering Ancient Greek middle voice verbs on the Washington University At St. Louis' website).

Future middle indicative verbs in Ancient Greek are usually composed of a verb stem and one of the following endings: -σομαι, -σῃ (or -σει), -σεται, -σομεθα, -σεσθε or -σονται. Of course, these verb-endings will be modified according to the Ancient Greek contraction rules: α- and ε- contract verbs are lengthened to η prior to the sigma, while o- contract verbs are lengthened to ω. (Click the yellow review button for more details.)

This test does not include asigmatic verbs, irregular future verbs or accent marks, but does include α-, ε-, and o- contract verbs.

For each question, click on the best answer. Some answers may appear incomplete because a direct or indirect object is not provided.

N.B. The second person singular endings for Future Middle Indicative verbs can be identical to the third person singular endings for Future Active Indicative verbs (ie: -σει, -ησει or -ωσει). When seeing these endings in real translation situations, the translator will have to ascertain whether the verb is active or middle voice from the the verb stem before deciding whether the verb is second or third person singular.

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