First Aorist Middle Imperative Verb Test

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Introduction to Ancient Greek First Aorist Middle Imperative Verbs

Imperatives in Ancient Greek (and other languages) are commands issued to someone else.

The "aorist tense" of First Aorist Middle Imperatives refers not to time but to the aspect of the orders. In short, First Aorist Middle Imperatives are commands that are expected to be followed a single time.

The middle voice imperative differs from the active voice in that sometimes the subject of the sentence will also be the object (eg: "You stop yourself!"). Or, sometimes the middle voice denotes reciprocal action: "Let them fight the enemy!" (and the enemy will fight back). The middle voice is also used for autonomic actions, such as digesting food or hearing noise. (For a more in-depth discussion, see Carl W. Conrad's page covering Ancient Greek middle voice verbs on the Washington University At St. Louis' website).)

In Ancient Greek, imperatives exist only for 2nd and 3rd person singular and plurals (ie: You {singular}, He / She / It, You {plural} and They). They do not exist for 1st person singular or 1st person plural (ie: I and We).

Every present active imperative in Ancient Greek is composed of a verb stem, a sigma (σ), and one of the following endings: -αι, -ασθω, -ασθε or -ασθων.

This test does not include accent marks.

For each question, click on the best answer. Some answers may appear incomplete because a direct or indirect object is not provided.

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